In her second guest article for The Insider, Glion Lecturer Katharine Le Quesne digs deeper into the topic of sustainability as it relates to the global hospitality industry; this time focusing on how to turn ambitions into concrete action…
My previous article touched on the bigger picture of sustainability in hospitality. While making the case for the economic and societal benefits the industry brings, I also highlighted the commercial and regulatory challenges across the ESG spectrum.
So how can hotel investors, owners and operators respond to these challenges? The starting point is to embed awareness, skills and practices across the industry. I reflect back on how we did this with technology – now ubiquitous across hotel operations, asset management and development.
Sustainability is not a specialist area or a standalone service; it must be embedded throughout organizations as part of everyone’s ‘day jobs’ in order to deliver results for people and planet, as well as for profit. That means teamwork, which, we are generally pretty good at as an industry. An attitude of “just give it to the sustainability team” won’t work.
Track it to change it
We also need to learn to measure more things than we do now. One hotelier I worked with fitted a water tracking device following a damaging water leak. It has reduced risk due to early warning sensors and has helped the property reduce water consumption. They also explored foot-operated kitchen taps to reduce unnecessary water flow and improve operational efficiency.
“We also need to learn to measure more things than we do now. One hotelier I worked with fitted a water tracking device following a damaging water leak. It has reduced risk due to early warning sensors and has helped the property reduce water consumption. They also explored foot-operated kitchen taps to reduce unnecessary water flow and improve operational efficiency.”
Katharine Le Quesne
Smart sensors linked to building information management systems are becoming more commonplace in hotels. People movements can be monitored and measured, enabling heating, cooling or lighting to be managed in accordance with occupancy levels in those areas. For example, with zonal sensors in a typical urban hotel, we could ensure appropriate levels of light/heat/cooling in public areas and room corridors during peak vs. low volume periods of the day. The widespread use will obviously depend to a degree on building codes and/or brand standards (legislation is often a necessary lever to constrain cost-cutting/short-termism in construction).
Food waste is another area where we’ve seen significant progress. There is a growing range of equipment for tracking and managing food ingredients as they pass from wholesaler to the diner’s plate and on into the waste bins. Waste measurement devices have proven to reduce waste volumes and therefore both food acquisition costs and disposal costs.
This is a ‘back of house’ change that the customer neither sees nor needs to be aware of, except perhaps as part of a positive marketing message if the hotel/restaurant has waste reduction figures to be proud of. But it doesn’t all have to be behind closed doors. Silo London says it’s the world’s first zero waste restaurant. Other trends are menus that prioritize low ‘food miles’ (i.e. distance from farm to table), serving local/regional wines, ordering menus to start with vegan/low carbon footprint options first. You could argue this is giving consumers more choice by being more transparent about impact.
In fact, expect to see more of this transparency in terms of social or environmental impact, as we are subject to greater climate-related reporting. Frontrunners of this trend include Shorefast Foundation, which has created an Economic Nutrition certification mark (CM). Modeled on the concept of food nutrition labels, it provides consumers with financial information behind a product or service. If you stay at their social enterprise, Fogo Island Inn, the label reveals how revenue is allocated across multiple categories including labor and food/supplies.
Don’t forget the guests
As we grapple with balancing economic, environmental and social aspirations, I think one of the barriers to sustainability efforts – especially in the luxury segment –is fear of a customer backlash. Hoteliers can be nervous that clientele may perceive these measures as detrimental to guest experience and therefore a drop in value-for-money. It is also important to be aware of national or cultural expectations.
For example, the Swiss Tourism Board states clearly on their website that tap water in the country is drinkable and high quality. One particular luxury hotel provides a refillable water bottle in guest rooms, with a note informing guests that local tap water is excellent and the bottle can be refilled from the tap in the room, saving energy and waste (single-use plastics/glass).
I discussed this with an overseas corporate group, who do not drink water from the tap at home due to poor water quality. Despite all the reassurances and their confidence in Swiss quality generally, these visitors wanted bottled water – it is not their custom to do otherwise. A situation such as this, highlights how many operators will need to think creatively and tread carefully in the trade-off between guest satisfaction and sustainability.
There are growing numbers of brands striving to do this well, from domestic players such as Room2 Hometels, Zeal Hotels and Beyond Apartments, to international ones like 1Hotels, Habitas and Six Senses, to name but a few. Sustainable brands are focused on reducing the embodied carbon (i.e. how much carbon was used to create the building materials and construct the asset) and operational carbon (i.e. the carbon intensity of the operations).
As mentioned in my previous article, when it comes to sustainability, communication and clear message delivery is essential to winning over the hearts and minds of the guest. Hotels must engage in a constant dialogue with their guests, explaining the positive impacts of particular actions. Education/awareness, relevance and great story-telling are critical success factors in inspiring change.
While bold approaches can clearly work for new brands or niche players, when it comes to long-established hotel ‘majors’ with multiple brands –Accor, Hilton, IHG, Marriott, etc. – there are few one-size-fits-all solutions that can be adopted across every territory in which they operate due to the implications for brand standards and/or capital expenditure for the owner. A simple example is renewable energy. The business case for solar panels is going to be higher for hotels located where sunlight is more plentiful. Or consider building performance of the world’s ‘grande dame’ hotels. Building codes are typically strict for historic buildings, and may prohibit visible solar panels, double glazing or insulation that impacts the look/fabric of the building. Improving energy performance for these assets is challenging.
That said, the urgency of the climate crisis is stimulating innovation across the real estate industry and creative solutions are emerging. For example, the InterContinental Bora Bora Thalasso Resort and Spa uses Sea Water Air-Conditioning (SWAC)¹, pumping cold water from a depth of 3,000 feet for their air-conditioning system. This replaced the need for expensive and environmentally damaging imported oil and reportedly generated a return on investment within seven years². Conversely, in urban destinations, district heating systems are gaining traction and can offer more sustainable heating/cooling systems for operational real estate.
Of course, the local regulatory environment will impact the speed at which ESG solutions are implemented. In my last article I highlighted new initiatives such as the EU’s Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD), which comes into force from this year and will have a far-reaching impact on hotels located in the bloc, regardless of where the operator is domiciled. Governmental commitments (often enshrined in law, as they are in the UK, for example) toward ‘net zero’ CO2 emissions will also have a significant effect in countries where they’re in place.
At least we’re on the journey
If the practical examples I’ve given highlight how difficult it is to take a universal approach to sustainability, at least be encouraged that many industry stakeholders have now set out on their journey.
Nevertheless, we also need a dose of realism. The climate data is unequivocal: we are suffering from an over-heating world. The priority is to reduce emissions more rapidly. Measurement capabilities are crucial, for two reasons: a) we can change what we measure; and b) we can stay one step ahead of reporting regulations, which will only increase.
If we aim to measure everything we can (including items not previously captured), we shall have the raw data to create whatever reports/metrics become required by regulators. For that, we will need to develop and implement the right technology, while also training people to analyze data, interpret results and create change strategies to reduce asset and operational carbon intensity.
This will translate into value over time, especially if – as I expect – we move to some form of carbon pricing regime. The onus will fall on investors and owners to act in order to protect the value and salability of their assets, as my fellow Glion lecturer Bořivoj Vokřínek noted in a recent Insider article.
Methodologies, tools and tech are all emerging to support this growing reporting need and these will differ by stakeholder. For example, the Hotel Carbon Measurement Initiative (HCMI) supported by industry body the Sustainable Hospitality Alliance can generate reports on the carbon intensity of a conference or meeting. Being able to provide such data to clients for their own ESG reporting is expected to become an RFP (Request for Proposal) condition for some corporate accounts.
This may hurt a little
My final point is a challenging and much debated one. It’s the need to balance the perpetual call for growth with the harm unchecked expansion is doing to the planet and its finite resources. I personally believe the world is already behind the curve on decarbonization, and – frankly – we are kidding ourselves if we think that someone else is going to solve it for us.
I was really struck by how resilient nature is, and how the Earth can heal itself when we slow the pace of human activity – but that was only possible when we experienced a global shutdown of normal life as we knew it during the Covid pandemic. Whilst I am not advocating anything as extreme as a future economic model; we should look to what we witnessed then with positivity, as a sign that we’re not too late to act.
Some destinations are already taking action to balance environmental and social impact with the economic benefits of tourism. I mentioned ecological recovery in Venice during the pandemic in my previous article. Since then, the local government not only banned large cruise ships in 2021 (albeit implementation is a challenge), but also imposed new measures, including a tourist tax for day trippers, to protect this extraordinary and fragile city from overtourism.
Meanwhile, Amsterdam has targeted nuisance visitation, as well as voting on several measures to reduce the impact of excessive visitation on this popular European city, including new housing rules (reducing private holiday homes) and a ban on large cruise ships (announced in 2023). Overtourism needs to be taken seriously or it will kill the goose that lays the golden egg.
It is important to celebrate the successes we’ve already achieved in the industry, but also to be honest about where we can go faster. We need to prioritize action. Industry leaders, it is time to lead. and to frame the change in a positive and ‘can do’ manner; and it’s up to all of us to play our part in delivering a more sustainable world.
This may mean we have to make some hard choices, for the sake of our future and that of future generations. This is heavy stuff, I know. Be encouraged, though: hospitality has always been an industry in which everyone pulls together as a team. We saw it in the pandemic, and we see it daily in hotel operations. We’re in this together and together we can have immense positive impact.
Be part of the solution.
Main image: Kenishirotie/Getty
1 Hotel Mayfair: Mikkel Vangh
Silo Restaurant: Victor Frankowski